The Thirty Mitzvot of the Bnei Noach
The Talmud (Chullin 92a) mentions that Bnei Noach have thirty mitzvot (commandments):
As Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki) tells us, Chazal (the Sages) do not elaborate on the nature of the 30 commandments, but various commentaries offer suggestions. The basic thesis with which they work is that the 30 commandments are subdivisions of the seven Noachide commandments.
There are two versions of the 30 Noachide Commandments:
Commandments 2 to 10 are from Deut. 18:10-11
The Seven Noachide Commandments are shown in capital letters.
The commandments that are followed by an * are positive commandments, and those that do not are to be understood as prohibitions.
Rav Saadiah Gaon adds:
Rav Nissim Gaon adds:
Ran and Rama add:
(see the book by A. Greenbaum, 'Thirty Commandments According to R. Samuel ben Hofni.' Published in Hebrew, Sinai, 1973).
(See also the appendix of the Encyclopedia Talmudica, Vol.3, in the section headed 'Ben Noah').
The laws that are followed by an * are positive admonitions, and those that do not are to be understood as prohibitions.
N.B. - Please note that these additional commandments should be treated as a list of recommendations and not as the actual accepted Halacha. For further explanation of this you should consult your Local Orthodox Rabbi or the new Shulchan Aruch for Bnei Noach: ‘The Divine Code’.
The Noachide Code: The 7 Commandments of the Covenant of Noah, the universal moral code for all mankind.
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